Friday, December 20, 2013

Is Your Claim Timely? The Third Circuit Clarifies

Brian J. Sommer, Esquire
The Third Circuit's recently issued opinion in Pension Trust Fund for Operating Engineers v. Mortgage Asset Securitization Transactions, 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 19166, (3rd Cir. 2013), clarified the use of the discovery rule to determine the timeliness of plaintiffs' cases alleging violations of the Securities Act of 1933.  Consequently, parties now have clearer guidance as to what standard the federal courts in Pennsylvania, and elsewhere within the circuit, are to apply and what factors they are to consider when determining whether or not to dismiss an investor's claim for being stale and untimely.

Two issues were before the Third Circuit.  First, were the plaintiffs required to affirmatively plead that they brought their claim within the statute's one-year statute of limitations and second, what standard was to be applied to make that determination.  As to the first issue, the Court concluded that the plaintiffs did not need to affirmatively plead that they filed their claims within the one-year statute of limitations because the statute, on its face, does not require the inclusion of an explanation of compliance with the same.  To the contrary, it was to be left to defendants to assert the statute as an affirmative defense.

As to the second issue, the Third Circuit determined that the discovery rule and not inquiry notice was to be applied when determining the timeliness of an investor's complaint.  Under the discovery rule, the clock begins to run on a plaintiff's claim when either (a) the plaintiff did, in fact, discover the operative facts, or (b) when a reasonably diligent plaintiff would have discovered the facts constituting the violation of the securities laws which gives rise to their claim.  Consequently, the discovery rule's standard is more flexible and is better situated for assessing a plaintiff's responsibility for determining if they have a case when the initial information available to them is more general in nature and thus further inquiry is necessary before a plaintiff can sufficiently determine that they have a claim and should pursue it.

By contrast, inquiry notice is less flexible because, through its focus on when the duty arose in a plaintiff to exercise reasonable diligence to uncover the basis for their claims, it starts the clock running at the earliest opportunity with less regard to the nature of the information available to the plaintiff.  Under this standard, if plaintiffs cannot demonstrate the requisite notice, then they are held to have constructive notice of all facts that could have been learned.  Although the two standards share some similarities, the difference is critical as inquiry notice serves to put a plaintiff on notice at the earliest opportunity possible.  Thus its application often results in more claims being held to be stale and untimely.  Stated differently, the discovery rule starts the clock from the point in time when the facts would lead a reasonably diligent plaintiff to investigate further, whereas inquiry notice starts the clock running when the plaintiff should have already discovered facts constituting the violation.

The Third Circuit's opinion also provides guidance as to how and when the particularity of the information about an investment in the public sphere can either begin the clock to run immediately on a plaintiff's claim, or when it merely requires plaintiffs to conduct further inquiry before the clock can begin to run out on their claims.  Thus, general information about the failures of a category or class of investments may give a plaintiff an extended period of time in which to discover the facts of the misrepresentations about a specific investment.  By contrast, if the investors' claims arise from a specific investment and there are news reports about that specific investment, its failures, misrepresentations, etc., then the time period between when plaintiffs ought to begin their investigation and when they ought to discover the operative facts from which their claims arise is much smaller.  Keep in mind, however, that the Court also clarified that the discovery rule can be tolled by reassurances given to investors that everything is fine with their investment if an investor of ordinary intelligence would reasonably rely on such reassurances to allay their concerns.

Advisors, broker-dealers, and investment firms need not wait until they are sued to put these lessons to good use as part of any defense.  The decision's clarifications can be used proactively to avoid litigation.  Investors look to and rely upon their advisors to give them honest, unvarnished, and objective advice and information about their investments.  Providing honest, objective information to investors puts the investors on notice earlier to investigate any claim that they might have and thus, from a risk management perspective, it is far wiser to provide investors with as specific information as possible on their investments than to provide subjective reassurances that can toll the ruling of the statute of limitations and thus expand the time investors have to file a claim.

Thursday, December 19, 2013

Have Employees Working From Home?

Beware! As an employer, do you allow employees to work from home?  If so, you need to consider a number of issues before making this a reality.

Tips For Mitigating Claims For At-Home Worksites

Beth A. Slagle, Esquire
Telecommuting has many advantages for employers and employees. It reduces overhead costs for employers while giving employees the flexibility to structure their work days in a way that suits their schedule and family status. But at-home worksites are not without their disadvantages. Liability for off-site work premises claims can present a number of challenges for any discerning employer. Workers compensation laws as well as potential liability for third party claims create exposure for employers that they do not encounter in a typical office setting. 

Precautionary steps to lessen the chance of employee claims:
  1. Create a Telecommuting Policy: Establishing clear ground rules for telecommuting employees is critical. The policy, preferably in written format, should outline the employer’s expectations for the employee during regularly scheduled work hours.
  2. Office Area and Ergonomics: Employer and employee should agree what area in the employee’s home will be the designated office area. Confining the work area to a specific site in the home will mitigate against claims for damages or bodily injury that occur in other areas of the house. Additionally, an employer should verify that the work site is ergonomically correct. 
  3. Site Check: Employers can be held liable for providing a safe work environment for employees, regardless of where that office is located. Thus, an employer is wise to do regular site checks, when appropriate, to determine if there are known and/or apparent hazards that should be removed or eliminated.
  4. Fixed Hours: An employer and employee should agree on regular and fixed working hours as well as rest breaks. If there are no established fixed hours, an employee could arguably claim that an injury occurring at ANY time during the day is a workers compensation claim.
  5. Job Description: The employee’s job description should be detailed so that there is no discrepancy as to what activity is part of the employee’s job and what is not. 

When an employee works from home, workers compensation boards and courts typically consider that the hazards encountered at home are also hazards of his or her employment. As such, eliminating much of the risk that goes along with at-home work sites is possible if a few basic steps are followed. A carefully designed telecommuting policy goes a long way towards mitigating those claims.

Wage and Hour Issues Involving Employees Working From Home

Elaina Smiley, Esquire
Another issue employers must address for telecommuting employees is properly paying employees for all time worked.   Employers must accurately assess whether employees are exempt from the overtime requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  Employers have the burden to keep accurate records and to properly pay non-exempt employees for all time worked, including time an employee spends working from home. 

There are several steps employers should take to mitigate the risk for non-exempt employees working from home:
  1. Time Reporting Policy: Implement policies on time reporting to ensure that employees are being paid for all time worked, including time worked from home.  Have employees sign time sheets, and establish set procedures for employees to report any problems with pay and then promptly address such issues.
  2. Policies and Training:  Have a policy that no one has authority to ask employees to report fewer hours than actually worked or to report more hours than worked.  Train supervisors to report to human resources when they suspect someone is working off the clock. Establish disciplinary procedures for employees who fail to report all time worked.  
  3. Approval for Overtime: Establish procedures governing overtime hours such as employees are not permitted to work more than 40 hours per week without prior approval from their supervisor.  
  4. Breaks:  Set rules regarding normal work hours and breaks and when employees are expected to be working at home.  Employers are required to pay for break times which are less than 30 minutes long.  
  5. Attendance Policy: Establish an attendance policy and call-off procedure such as how and when employees must call off work.  Require a medical certification for certain medical related absences.  Set procedures, such as shutting off computer access, to ensure that when non-exempt employees are off work due to an illness or leave that they are not working from home.

Six Steps Necessary To Protect Your Intellectual Property

Brian J. Sommer, Esquire
Through proper planning, companies can mitigate the risk of losing control over their copyrights, patents, and trade secrets.
  1. Provide Clear Guidelines:   Define the circumstances in which an employee can work from home, what facilities/equipment they can or cannot use, and if using their own home computers - the how, when, and why to log into the office system.
  2. Require an Intellectual Property Agreement:  Have key employees execute intellectual property ownership/assignment agreements to confirm company ownership.
  3. Avoid Disclosure of Trade Secrets: This plan should include: (a) creating an inventory of what information the company wants to keep secret and confidential; (b) developing a matrix classifying who gets access to which secrets and how much access the employee gets; (c) determining which trade secrets can be digitalized and which are to remain in hard copy never to leave the office; (d) developing a written trade secret policy to be included in any agreements; (e) getting employees to sign non-disclosure agreements; and (f) designating a corporate security officer to oversee compliance.
  4. Create a Plan for Departing Employees:  Cut off computer access before terminating an employee and create a record during the exit interview of a departing employee’s adherence to company policy that includes a signed statement that the employee has abided by the company's trade secret policies, has not retained trade secret information, has not and will not take any trade secret information with them.
  5. Legal Fee Provisions:  Shift the burden to pay the company’s attorneys fees and costs in connection with any lawsuit for violations of the company’s trade secret policies onto the employee.
  6. Liquidated Damages:  Damages from the theft of trade secrets are often hard to calculate.  Thus, as another way to discourage theft, companies should consider including liquidated damage provisions in its employment agreements  which establish fixed damages as a reasonable royalty for use of trade secrets.

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

The Affordable Care Act: A Look at the PPACA's Employer Shared Responsibility Payment Rules

ACBA Labor & Employment CLE | ACBA - Continuing Legal Education

February 4, 2014    Tuesday    12:00pm - 1:00pm

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is a large and complex law enacting sweeping changes in the way health care will be provided in America.  The provisions of the PPACA are expansive as are its implementing regulations.  As it relates to employers, the PPACA contains various new requirements, in particular the Employer Shared Responsibility Payment provisions (the “Pay or Play” rules).  This program will focus on the comprehensive regulations regarding the Shared Responsibility payment provisions.  Practitioners representing employers will want to familiarize themselves with these provisions before they take effect in 2015.


Jason Mettley, Esq.
Meyer Unkovic & Scott LLP

David E. Mitchell, Esq.
Campbell Durrant Beatty Palombo & Miller, P.C.


Julie A. Aquino, Esq.
Campbell Durrant Beatty Palombo & Miller, P.C.

Conference Center Auditorium
920 City-County Bldg
414 Grant Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15219
Phone: 412-402-6704

Credit Hours 1.00   (1 hour of Substantive Credit)

Please click here for  more information or to register.

Thursday, December 12, 2013

Business Workshop: Changes to the Commercial Code

Robert E. Dauer, Jr., Esquire
Pennsylvania recently became the 27th state to adopt specific changes to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code.

Article 9 governs transactions in which a debtor uses personal property -- anything other than real estate -- as collateral.

The article sets forth the rules regarding all aspects of secured loan transactions, including formation, documentation and foreclosure.

The American Law Institute and the Uniform Law Commission developed and approved the amendments to Article 9 in 2010, and the Pennsylvania Legislature enacted them as law earlier this year.

The amendments went into effect July 1.

The changes to Article 9 are modest.

The most important one involves clarification of the requirement that the name of an individual debtor on a financing statement be correct. If the debtor's name is wrong, the financing statement is ineffective and the secured party will lose its interest in the collateral to other secured creditors, buyers or the trustee in a bankruptcy.

The old Article 9 required that a financing statement contain the debtor's "individual name."

But what is an individual name?

An individual's driver's license, passport and birth certificate may all show different names.

Moreover, an individual may be known by her nickname or middle name.

Under the revised rule, a financing statement correctly states an individual debtor's name only if it contains the debtor's name as shown on the Pennsylvania driver's license or, if he or she does not have a driver's license, the identification card issued by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.

If a debtor has neither form of identification, the financing statement will be valid if it indicates the debtor's individual name or surname and first personal name.

While it seems like a small change, this clarification eliminates ambiguity and will protect many creditors from losing their interest in the collateral securing their loan.

For more information on this topic, please contact Robert E. Dauer, Jr. at

This article originally appeared in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette's Business Workshop section. Business Workshop is a weekly feature from local experts offering tidbits on matters affecting business. Read more:

Monday, December 9, 2013

If Obesity is a Disease, Is It Also a Disability?

Beth A. Slagle, Esquire
Is obesity a disease, or merely a condition resulting from an unhealthy lifestyle?

The debate has raged for decades. Now the American Medical Association (AMA) finally put the question to rest in June when it voted in favor of Resolution 420, officially declaring obesity to be a disease, whether the cause is a physiological disorder or an unhealthy lifestyle choice. The AMA compared obesity to lung cancer, which is unquestionably considered a disease, whether the cause is harmful behavior like smoking or another factor.

While the resolution was intended to increase medical and community support for obese patients, it may have unintended consequences for employers. With the official classification of obesity as a disease, it may be easier for overweight employees to claim protection under the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA).

Please click here to read the full article from Western Pennsylvania Healthcare News.

Tuesday, December 3, 2013

Default under the Operative Oil and Gas Lease?

Frank Kosir, Jr.
Caldwell v. Kriebel Resources Co., LLC, et al; 2013 PA Super 188, 2013 Pa. Super. LEXIS 1642 (2013)

This matter addressed the issue of whether a gas exploration company’s failure to extract gas from the Marcellus Shale formation while extraction of shallow gas took place constituted a default under the operative oil and gas lease.  On January 19, 2001, Terry L. Caldwell and Carol A. Caldwell (“Caldwells”) and Kriebel Resources (“Kriebel”) entered into agreement (“Agreement”) whereby the Caldwells leased “all oil, gas, surface and Drilling Rights ... owned or claimed by landowners” in a 105-acre parcel of real property (“Property”)  situated in Clearfield County, Pennsylvania.  The Agreement provided for an initial 2-year term commencing on April 1, 2001, which term would be extended if oil or gas were being produced.   Pursuant to the Agreement, Kriebel commenced shallow gas drilling on the Property, drilling which has consistently produced gas in paying quantities, thereby extending the term of the Agreement.  However, concerned that the gas reserves under the Property were not being fully utilized, the Caldwells commenced an action in the Clearfield County Court of Common Pleas seeking to terminate the Agreement on the basis of Kreibel’s failure to commence drilling activities in the Marcellus Shale formation.  The Defendants filed Preliminary Objection in the nature of a demurrer, which the trial court sustained, concluding that Kriebel had no obligation under the Agreement to commence exploration of the Marcellus Shale formation.

On appeal, our Superior Court affirmed.  In issuing its ruling, the court noted that the Caldwells were essentially asking the court to create an implied duty on the part of an oil and gas lessee to develop different strata.  However, a review of the Agreement found that it included language providing that no inference or covenant would be implied as to either of the parties.  Therefore, as the parties’ respective duties were plainly set forth in the Agreement, and the Agreement did not require Kriebel to develop different levels of strata, the court could not impose such a duty upon Kriebel or its assigns.  Furthermore, since there was no dispute that the shallow gas wells were producing revenue, Kriebel had satisfied its obligations under the Agreement and the Caldwells were not entitled to terminate the contract.

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

ABA Intellectual Property Roundtable - December 12th

David G. Oberdick, Esquire
Roundtable Host
Meyer, Unkovic & Scott is proud to sponsor the Pittsburgh Roundtable for the American Bar Association Intellectual Property Litigation Section.

These quarterly meetings allow IP litigation practitioners to network with other attorneys and discuss topics of interest.  All practicing attorneys interested in intellectual property matters are invited to attend - you need not be members of the ABA IP Litigation Section.

December 2013 Topic:
“Section 285 Exceptional Cases: Will the High Court Change the Standard?” and “Obviousness:  An Assessment of the Role of Objective Factors of Non-Obviousness”

Date/Time:  Thursday, December 12, 2013 @ noon

Location:  Offices of Meyer, Unkovic & Scott LLP
Henry W. Oliver Building
535 Smithfield Street, Suite 1300
Pittsburgh, PA  15222

Please click here to view the full invitation.

RSVP by December 9th to:

Monday, November 25, 2013

Pennsylvania’s Home Improvement Consumer Protection Act

Frank Kosir, Jr.
Shafer Electric & Construction v. Mantia, 2013 PA Super  111; 67 A. 3d 8

This matter addressed the issue of whether a contractor who had failed to comply with the registration requirements of Pennsylvania’s Home Improvement Consumer Protection Act (“HICPA”) (73 P.S. § 517.1 et seq.) was precluded from recovering damages in quantum meruit.  Shafer Electric & Construction, Inc. (“Contractor”), a licensed contractor with a principal place of business in New Cumberland, West Virginia, entered into a contract with Raymond and Donna Mantia (“Owners”) for the construction of an addition to the garage of the Owners’ residence (“Property”), situated in Avella, Washington County, Pennsylvania.  Following the completion of the work, the Owners failed to pay the Contractor, who subsequently filed a mechanics’ lien claim in the amount of $37,874.26 against the Property.  In response, the Owners filed Preliminary Objections asserting that the contract was unenforceable due to the Contractor’s failure to register in Pennsylvania as required by HIPCA.  The trial court sustained the Preliminary Objections and dismissed the lien with prejudice concluding that, as Section 517.7(a) of the Act (73 P.S. § 517.7(a)) requires all enforceable home improvement contracts to include the state registration number of the contractor, and since the Contractor did not have such a registration number, the contract was void and unenforceable.
On appeal, our Superior Court reversed.  In issuing its ruling, the court referred to its recent decision in Durst v. Milroy General Contracting, 2012 PA Super 179; 52 A.3d 357, wherein it held that HIPCA does not preclude recovery in quantum meruit on oral contracts.  In this instance, there was no question that the Contractor had completed the work, nor that the parties did not have an enforceable contract under HIPCA due to the Contractor’s failure to register in Pennsylvania.  As such, since HIPCA does not preclude recovery in quantum meruit, and principles of equity require that the Contractor receive fair compensation for the benefit that its services have conferred on the Owners, the Contractor was entitled to proceed against the Owners in quantum meruit.


Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Meyer, Unkovic & Scott LLP Ranked in 2014 "Best Law Firms"

Meyer, Unkovic & Scott LLP has been ranked in the 2014 "Best Law Firms" list by U.S. News & World Report and Best Lawyers® nationally in 5 practice areas and regionally in 26 practice areas.

Firms included in the 2014 "Best Law Firms" list are recognized for professional excellence with persistently impressive ratings from clients and peers. Achieving a ranking signals a unique combination of quality law practice and breadth of legal expertise.

Meyer, Unkovic & Scott LLP was recognized with Pittsburgh Metropolitan Tier 1 Rankings in the following practice areas:
The 2014 Edition of "Best Law Firms" includes rankings in 74 national practice areas and 120 metropolitan-based practice areas.

The U.S. News - Best Lawyers "Best Law Firms" rankings, for the fourth consecutive year, are based on a rigorous evaluation process that includes the collection of client and lawyer evaluations, peer review from leading attorneys in their field, and review of additional information provided by law firms as part of the formal submission process. Clients and peers were asked to evaluate firms based on the following criteria: responsiveness, understanding of a business and its needs, cost-effectiveness, integrity and civility, as well as whether they would refer a matter to the firm and/or consider the firm a worthy competitor.

Wednesday, November 13, 2013

We Welcome Kevin F. Israel

Kevin F. Israel, Esquire
The Newest Member of Our Tax & Estate Planning and Corporate & Business Law Groups

Kevin F. Israel is a member of the firm's Tax & Estate Planning Group and the Corporate & Business Law Group.  He focuses his practice in the areas of estate planning and administration, income tax planning, asset protection planning, tax controversy engagements, and offshore financial asset reporting compliance.  Mr. Israel represents individuals and closely-held businesses in business planning and transactional matters, including entity formation, succession planning, mergers, acquisitions, reorganizations, debt financing, and general business transactions.  He also advises clients on the formation, structure, and operation of captive insurance companies.

Admitted to practice before the United States Tax Court, he has practiced as a certified public accountant in the areas of income tax planning, tax return preparation, and business transactions.

In 1989, he received his J.D., with honors, from the University of San Diego School of Law, and he is a 1983 graduate of the University of Notre Dame with a B.B.A. in Accountancy, with honors.

You can reach him at 412.456.2841 or  Please click here to view his complete bio.

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Two Meyer, Unkovic & Scott Attorneys to be Honored by the Allegheny County Bar Association

The Allegheny County Bar Association will honor its 50 and 60-year practitioners at a reception on November 25, 2013, at the Duquesne Club.  Meyer, Unkovic & Scott is proud to have two of their attorneys honored.

Rick Francis
Frederick (Rick) J. Francis a partner of Meyer, Unkovic & Scott LLP where he has practiced law since 1966.

The focus of his practice is in business litigation, wherein he has represented a wide range of corporate and individual clients, as both plaintiffs and defendants, in commercial, insurance coverage, class action, trade secret, ERISA, and unfair competition litigation. Mr. Francis is a member of the Pennsylvania and Allegheny County Bar Associations and has been elected a member of the Academy of Trial Lawyers of Allegheny County. He maintains an AV Preeminent® rating from Martindale-Hubbell®.

He is a graduate of Dartmouth College where he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in History and the University of Pennsylvania Law School where he received his LL.B. degree.  Following graduation from law school, Mr. Francis served in the United States Marine Corps and was honorably discharged as a Captain.

Larry Niemann
Lawrence (Larry) B. Niemann is senior counsel to Meyer, Unkovic & Scott LLP.

In his practice, Mr. Niemann has assisted many business owners in personal, corporate and tax planning, including helping families pass businesses from one generation to another and transferring businesses to outside parties, as well as retirement planning and transferring family wealth to family members through the use of trusts, corporate reorganizations and other means designed to reduce income and death taxes.  He maintains an AV Preeminent® rating from Martindale-Hubbell®.
Mr. Niemann is a member of the Pennsylvania and Allegheny County Bar Associations.  He has served as Chairman of the Allegheny County Bar Association’s Corporate and Banking Law Section.  Mr. Niemann previously served as a member of the Title 15 Task Force, charged with the duty of revising the Pennsylvania Business Corporation Law and has written several articles on the subject.  He is a member of the Estate Planning Council of Pittsburgh and is a past board member and Secretary of the Pittsburgh Chapter of the Association for Corporate Growth.

Mr. Niemann formerly served as Trustee and Vice Chairman of the Pittsburgh Ballet Theater and as a board member of Shady Side Academy and Longue Vue Club.  Mr. Niemann also is a past President of the Fox Chapel District Association. Mr. Niemann currently serves as a Board member and Vice President of the Fox Hall Condominium Association; is a class agent for Shady Side Academy and is a Board member and Secretary of the Institute for German American Relations.

Mr. Niemann graduated from Princeton University in 1959 with a Bachelor of Arts Degree.  He earned his LLB in 1962 from Harvard Law School.

Friday, November 8, 2013

Meyer, Unkovic & Scott Community Service Day

On Saturday, October 26th, attorneys, staff and friends of Meyer, Unkovic & Scott donated their time to help those in need at the Rainbow Kitchen in conjunction with the Kitchen’s annual coat distribution.  Volunteers spent the day preparing and serving soup and sandwiches to over 200 adults and children in the Homestead area.

Since 1984, Rainbow Kitchen Community Services has been a strong and reliable source of aid for those in need.  Rainbow Kitchen provides a vital safety net for hungry children, struggling families, low-income elderly, ill, and disabled individuals, the homeless, and growing numbers of people who are unemployed or among the working poor.

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Two Meyer, Unkovic & Scott Attorneys Named Pittsburgh Lawyers of the Year

Best Lawyers® has selected Robert E. Dauer, Jr., as 2014 "Lawyer of the Year" for Litigation - Bankruptcy in the Pittsburgh area and David G. Oberdick was selected as 2014 "Lawyer of the Year" for Litigation - Intellectual Property in the Pittsburgh area.

Only a single lawyer in each practice area and designated metropolitan area is honored as the “Lawyer of the Year,” making this accolade particularly significant. These lawyers are selected based on particularly impressive voting averages received during the peer-review assessments.  Receiving this designation reflects the high level of respect a lawyer has earned among other leading lawyers in the same communities and the same practice areas for their abilities, their professionalism, and their integrity.

Robert E. Dauer, Jr.
Robert E. Dauer, Jr., is Best Lawyers’ “2014 Litigation – Bankruptcy Lawyer of the Year” in Pittsburgh. Dauer is a partner at Meyer, Unkovic & Scott and is a member of the firm’s Management Committee and Business Litigation Group and chairs the Creditor’s Rights & Bankruptcy Group. Dauer focuses his practice on preparing contractual documents and terms and conditions for manufacturers and suppliers selling goods under the Uniform Commercial Code. He also represents regional and national companies in foreclosure and bankruptcy proceedings. He earned his bachelor’s degree in political science and business, a master’s degree in business administration and a juris doctor all from the University of Pittsburgh.

David G. Oberdick
David G. Oberdick is Best Lawyers’ “2014 Litigation - Intellectual Property Lawyer of the Year” for Pittsburgh. Oberdick is of counsel to Meyer, Unkovic & Scott and is a member of the firm’s Intellectual Property, Corporate & Business Law and Business Litigation groups. He focuses his practice on representing and counseling individuals and companies facing intellectual property matters. Oberdick earned a bachelor’s degree and juris doctor from the University of Pittsburgh.

Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Proud Sponsor of Pro Bono Rocks

Meyer, Unkovic & Scott is proud to sponsor The Allegheny County Bar Foundation’s Pro Bono Rocks – Battle of the Attorney Bands on Saturday, November 9, 2013This event will take place at Dave & Buster’s at the Waterfront.  Doors open at 6:30 pm.

This remarkable group of local lawyer bands will compete for the title of best band.  Proceeds from this worthwhile event will go to the PRO BONO CENTER, a unique organization in Allegheny County that recruits, trains, and supports volunteer attorneys to provide legal services to those who cannot otherwise afford it.  Working with 34 partner organizations and programs, the Center strives to meet the legal needs of low-income individuals and families in Allegheny County.

For more information, please visit:

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Prior Approval Needed Before Condemning Lands

Frank Kosir, Jr.
In Re: Condemnation By PPL Electric Utilities Corporation of Real Estate Situate in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, Being The Property of WMPI Land Corp.; Appeal of: WMPI Land Corp., 2013 Pa. Commw. LEXIS 134 (2013)

This matter addressed the issue of whether a public utility company was required to obtain the approval of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission prior to condemning lands on which it operated an existing electrical transmission system.  WMPI Land Corp. (“WMPI”) is the owner of a parcel of real property (“Property”) situated in the Borough of Gilberton, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania.  Currently erected on the Property is an electric distribution system consisting of poles and an overhead power line previously installed by PPL Electric Utilities Corporation (“PPL”) under an expired right-of-way agreement (“Agreement”) entered into with WMPI's predecessor in title.

On January 24, 2011, PPL filed a Declaration of Taking (“Declaration”) condemning a perpetual easement and right-of-way across the Property to, inter alia, construct, operate and maintain the existing electrical transmission system.  In response, WMPI filed Preliminary Objections asserting, inter alia, that PPL had failed to satisfy the requirements of Section 1511(c) of the Association's Code (15 Pa.C.S. § 1511(c)), which requires a public utility to obtain the approval of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission prior to condemning lands for the construction or erection of any utility system.  The trial court, holding that the purpose of the taking was to operate and maintain the existing transmission system and not to construct or erect new lines, concluded that PPL had complied with the Association's Code, and overruled the Preliminary Objections.

On appeal, our Commonwealth Court reversed.  In issuing its ruling, the court noted that Section 1511(c) of the Association's Code governs condemnations for the running of wires or the erecting of poles or other aerial electric facilities only after the PUC has concluded that the proposed facilities are necessary and proper.  In this instance, although the stated purpose of the condemnation was to maintain the existing transmission system, the Declaration also permitted PPL to operate and construct “poles, towers, guys, cables, wires, fiber optics, fixtures and apparatus above and below the ground.”  Therefore, as the language of the Declaration was broad in nature, and did not limit PPL’s rights to the maintenance of the existing transmission system, PPL was required to obtain the PUC’s approval prior to filing a declaration of taking. 

Monday, November 4, 2013

Is A Mechanic's Lien Claim Possible Without Construction?

Frank Kosir, Jr.
B.N. Excavating, Inc. v. PBC Hollow-A, L.P., et. al2013 PA Super 120; 2013 Pa. Super. LEXIS 730 (2013)

This matter addressed the issue of whether a subcontractor retained to complete site preparation work for the construction of commercial buildings can assert a mechanic’s lien claim even though the contemplated structure were never constructed.  Warihay Enterprises, Inc. (“General Contractor”) was retained by PBC Hollow-A, L.P. and PBC Hollow-B, L.P. (“Owners”) to construct two commercial office buildings on the Owners’ real property (“Property”) situated in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania.  The General Contractor subsequently entered into a contract with B.N. Excavating, Inc. (“Subcontractor”) pursuant to which the Subcontractor was to provide “labor and materials for excavation work, including but not limited to, a silt fence, temporary riser, emergency spillway, topsoil stripping, cut and fill, concrete pipe, sub-grading for building pad, storm water bed, rock ribbing and other site work.”  The Subcontractor completed all of the contracted-for work on December 18, 2008, in accordance with its contract.  However, construction of the commercial buildings never commenced.

After its demands for payment were denied, on June 8, 2009, the Subcontractor filed a notice of mechanics’ lien claim in the amount of $118,670.71, and subsequently filed a Complaint on the lien.  In response, the Owners filed Preliminary Objections asserting, inter alia, that, as the buildings were never constructed, the Subcontractor’s work was not incidental to construction, and no mechanics’ lien claims could be asserted.  The trial court, concluding that the lack of any constructed buildings on the Property precluded the assertion of a mechanics’ lien claim, sustained the Preliminary Objections and dismissed the mechanics’ lien with prejudice.

On appeal, our Superior Court reversed.  In issuing its ruling, the court noted that Pennsylvania’s Mechanics’ Lien Law does not require that the erection, repair or construction of the improvement at issue be completed.  Rather, the Law only requires that any excavation or other preliminary groundwork completed be undertaken in conjunction with the erection, repair or construction of the improvement.  In this instance, the Subcontractor’s Complaint included numerous factual allegations that the work it had performed was completed in anticipation of the construction of the commercial buildings.  As such, the trial court had erred in dismissing the Complaint on Preliminary Objections, and the matter had to be remanded to the trial court for a hearing on the issue of whether the work completed was, in fact, incidental to the planned construction of the office buildings.  

Thursday, October 24, 2013

Twenty Meyer, Unkovic & Scott Attorneys Named Best Lawyers

The 2014 edition marks the third decade of publishing the Best Lawyers list, making it the oldest peer-reviewed legal publication in the law field. Best Lawyers chooses attorneys based on in-depth evaluations submitted by colleagues. With more than 4.9 million votes submitted and verified by the Best Lawyers board of advisors this year, inclusion on the list shows that an attorney is highly admired for professional success by his or her peers.  

The 20 attorneys named as Best Lawyers are as follows:

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Altering The Scope?

Frank Kosir, Jr.
Lamar Advantage GP Company, LLC v. City of Pittsburgh, 2013 Pa. Commw. LEXIS 127 (2013)

This matter addressed the issue of whether amendments to proposed legislation altered the scope and purpose of the legislation so as to require an additional public hearing to be advertised and held prior to a vote on the passage of the legislation.  In March of 2010, Council Bill No. 2010-0216 (“First Bill”) was introduced in the Pittsburgh City Council (“Council”), amending certain sections of the City of Pittsburgh Zoning Code (“Code”) to, inter alia, revise requirements relating to Electronic Message Signs, and delineating a set for standards for the abandonment of nonconforming advertising signs.  The First Bill was subsequently forwarded to the City of Pittsburgh Planning Commission (“Commission”), which held a public hearing and sent the First Bill back to Council with a series of proposed amendments.  In July of 2011, a bill incorporating these amendments, (Council Bill No. 2011-1916) (“Second Bill”), was introduced in Council, and a public hearing held.  However, the Second Bill was subsequently amended to, inter alia, eliminate electronic advertising signs in certain commercial zoning districts and reduce the permitted light levels for electronic signs.  The amended Second Bill was passed by Council on December 19, 2011, and subsequently signed into law by the Mayor.

Following the passage of the Second Bill, Lamar Advantage GP Company, LLC (“Lamar”) filed an appeal in the Allegheny County Court of Common Pleas alleging that the enactment of the Second Bill violated both the Second Class City Code and the Pittsburgh Code.  Specifically, Lamar alleged that, since the form and language of the final version of the Second Bill were significantly revised from its original form, Council was required to submit the Second Bill to the Commission for review and for a public hearing.  The trial court, concluding that the final version of the Second Bill was substantially in the same form as the original version, dismissed Lamar’s appeal with prejudice.

On appeal, our Commonwealth Court affirmed.  In issuing its ruling the court noted that, while amendments to proposed legislation are permitted, such amendments cannot exceed the scope of the legislation, or alter its meaning or purpose.  Rather, if a fundamental change is made to the scope or meaning of proposed legislation, a second public hearing must be held and advertised, and the public be given an opportunity to comment on the proposed legislation.  However, in this instance, the revisions to the Second Bill merely made certain provisions more stringent and did not change to over-all purpose of the Second Bill, which was to regulate and control electronic advertising signs.  Therefore, the revisions were not so substantial as to require re-advertisement or a second hearing, and the trial court properly dismissed Lamar’s appeal.